The ending of the Kosovo conflict in 1999 marked the end of the Balkan Wars. As NATO forces went into Kosovo, the Serbian military and Police fled north into Serbia, leaving the Serbian population unprotected from the returning Albanian population. The Albanians sought revenge from the atrocities committed by the Serbs, and during the next decade, several riots and attacks threatened the Serbs in Kosovo, forcing more than 200.000 Serbians to flee.
Today, more than 10.000 Serbs are internally displaced in Kosovo, living in small enclaves in the Albanian dominated areas or in the Serbian dominated north.
Many Serbs feel that the heart of Serbia is Kosovo, and they have never recognised Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence made on February 17th, 2008. The situation is still unresolved, since Serbia is under pressure from the European Union to accept Kosovo's independence.